quarta-feira, 22 de dezembro de 2010

Keeping Africa's Deserts at Bay

Keeping Africa's Deserts at Bay 
By Dominic Nahr/Magnum for TIME
Desert Revival (click in image)
Over the past decade and a half, Ethiopia has worked to regreen swaths of dry, barren terrain through the systematic restructuring of its landscape, including this site, near the capital city of Mek'ele in the northern Tigray region. 
Be Fruitful and Multiply
Three nuns tend to a vegetable garden near the Mary Andinet Monastery in Tigray, where the land-regeneration process has been successful, in large part because farmers are not permitted to disturb the plant life that inhabits religious sites. 
Watering Hole
A stony well dug by local farmers serves as a primary source of water for them and their cattle. 
A priest eyes sunflowers that have sprouted in abundance on land in the vicinity of his monastery. 
Green Scheme
Two boys play around a tree that looks out over the now fertile soil of Tigray province, where the government's regreening program has brought acre upon acre of land back to life. 
At Rest
Farmers linger on the rocky terrain near Mek'ele, Tigray's capital, after laboring on their land. 
Breaking Ground
An Ethiopian boy contemplates the massive well dug by the priests and nuns of the Mary Andinet Monastery, a site now green with regrowth.
All Dried Up
A Samburu elder walks on the cracked earth where a river once flowed in the eastern Kenyan town of Archer's Post. Severe drought has been a catalyst for tribal wars that have escalated in the country's north.
Singin' in the Rain
Near the northern Ethiopian town of Wukro, a farmer holding an umbrella crosses his family's pepper fields — a stretch of green valley that benefits from natural water. 
Thirsty Work
Children travel up to 6 miles (10 km) to wash their clothes and collect water from the Ewaso Nyiro River, the only river in Archer's Post that flows most of the year. 
The Dusty Plains
A man helps a moran, or young Samburu warrior, drive cattle toward a small borehole dug into a parched riverbed in Archer's Post. 
Flowing Upstream
Samburu children gather water in jugs from the Ewaso Nyiro River in Archer's Post, which flows all year except for periods of extreme drought. 
Desert Raiders
Several young Samburu warriors attend a community meeting in Archer's Post focused on putting an end to the tribal wars over land and livestock that plague northern Kenya. The conflicts have worsened as a result of drought. 
Marriage March
Morans, junior warriors who sleep deep in the bush and subsist on a diet of meat and blood, march through a village in Archer's Post in celebration of a wedding. 
Final Resort
A Samburu man leads his cattle out of the village and across a swath of arid land toward a water well dug into a desiccated Kenyan riverbed.
Fonte: TIME

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